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School Safety Topics

Classroom Management

Children need to feel safe to learn. That's the basic principle in school safety. And nowhere is that more important than in the classroom itself, where students learn academic lessons as well as "softer" skills such as responsibility and self-control.
Students raise their hands in a classroom

Understanding the Issue

Classroom management requires a combination of effective teaching, proactive preventive strategies, practical corrective strategies and positive supportive techniques. The set-up, organization and overall flow of the classroom and lessons are key to creating an environment where learning is maximized. Teachers are largely responsible for creating and managing the classroom setting, but it's important for students to understand how their behavior impacts others, and for parents to be aware and involved, too.

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  • What are some basic tips for creating an orderly, efficient classroom ?
    • Be sure the classroom is clean, organized and inviting, and keep distractions to an absolute minimum.
    • As much as possible, arrange your classroom so that you rarely have to stop teaching or turn your back on your class. Make sure your books and supplies are in close proximity, and consider installing mirrors next to the board in order to keep an eye on your students while you're writing.
    • Get students involved through reading, writing on the board, props or discussions.The more engaged and focused they are, the better for order and learning.
  • What are some strategies for preventing misbehavior?
    The best action to take for discipline depends on the cause and type of misbehavior. Identifying the cause is key to changing patterns, and the cause can be either internal or external.

    Possible external causes could be violence in the home or community, lack of a secure family environment or pre-existing temperament difficulties.

    Internal, in-school causes might include boredom, lack of boundaries or power struggles.

    Developing a comprehensive discipline plan with a focus on prevention helps control what's possible to control and allows for smoother dealing with problems that are not.
  • How important are rules and routines?
    Classroom routines and rules are essential so that students know what is expected of them. Rules help create order, which paves the way to a positive learning environment. Where possible, involve students in the rule-making so that they have a sense of ownership in what happens in the classroom. Last but not least, enforce rules consistently and fairly, and make the consequences clear for those who do not follow the rules.